Visa unveils results of global mobile money survey
Visa and its mobile money platform Fundamo have revealed results of a survey that says nearly 90% of respondents are interested in using services such as M-pesa.
The mobile money study analysed the financial services needs and expectations of nearly 2,500 consumers, agents and merchants in Bangladesh, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Pakistan.
Visa says the results reveal that consumers’ needs for financial services are far more sophisticated than previously believed and go well beyond the established transaction set offered by mobile money services today.
The study also found that security concerns associated with carrying cash and the need to quickly send money to family members living far away are among key drivers for mobile money adoption.
“Thanks to the mobile money community, millions of previously unbanked people are now able to make basic electronic transactions such as person-to-person and bill payments,” said Hannes van Rensburg, chief executive officer of Fundamo and Group Country Manager, sub-Saharan Africa, Visa.
The Visa study suggests that the success of mobile financial services is determined by how deeply a mobile money provider understands its customers and tailors the service to the needs of consumers and mobile money agents – from service menus, to marketing and education.
The study also uncovered key barriers to adoption and identified best practices for mobile money providers.
Key Findings: Awareness of mobile money is high
The Visa study found there is high awareness of mobile money services and capabilities among consumers in developing economies.
Across the six countries surveyed, average awareness stood at 56% and three countries stood out in particular: In Ghana, awareness was at 93% with MTN identified as the most known mobile money provider; in Pakistan 89% of the public are mobile money aware and easyPaisa is the most recognised brand; and 53% of consumers in Bangladesh were aware of mobile money and identified bKash as the leading brand.
Consumers have complex, sophisticated financial services needs while many survey participants did not have a formal financial account, several examples of complex and sophisticated money management systems emerged across the six markets.
Using a range of techniques, the majority of respondents shared how they set money aside for education, healthcare, emergencies and life events.
The majority of consumers surveyed intend to use mobile money to send money to family members (81%), pay utility bills (56%) and save money for their family (52%).
Preventing theft, ability to quickly send money drives adoption.
The primary driver and reason to adopt mobile financial services, according to the study, is not to establish formal savings, but rather the need to protect funds from theft and the ability to more easily send funds, pay bills, school fees, etc.
Across the six countries, 80% of respondents cited “safety of not having to carry around a lot of cash” as the primary perceived benefit of mobile money, while 63% of respondents listed “speed of getting money to family members living far away” as the second most important benefit.
Ease of use, trust and lack of interoperability are barriers to adoption. Across the countries where surveys took place, respondents cited ease of use (64%), lack of trust in mobile money providers and agents (55%), and lack of interoperability with other mobile money services (28%), as primary barriers to adoption.
In addition, lack of accessibility to mobile money agents, mobile network reliability, communication and education appear to be major barriers, preventing activation and usage of mobile money accounts.
Best Practices: Listen to Your Customers
The results of Visa’s study suggest that fine tuning how a mobile money operator markets its service can have an impact on consumers’ desire to adopt such a service.
For example, the study found that “safekeeping” rather than “saving” money is a primary driver for why consumers in developing countries are interested in using mobile money services.
This suggests that mobile money providers should invest in additional research to better understand their customers’ needs, tailor information, education and marketing efforts to the needs of consumers and mobile money agents, and adopt local terminology.
“One key learning from this study could be summarised as ‘it’s not what you say, it’s how you say it’,” said Gavin Krugel, head of emerging market customer strategy and market activation, Visa.
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