The ability to deliver on the promise of 5G in Africa will depend heavily on the provision of satellite networks, according to integrated satellite network solution provider Intelsat.
At the Mobile World Congress (MWC) 2019, hosted recently in Barcelona, the company stated that the arrival of high-throughput satellite (HTS) in Africa has resulted in greater demand for VSAT satellite services – and that this was key to unlocking connectivity in Africa where over 70% still remain unconnected.
Michèle Scanlon, Managing Director, iWayAfrica (Wholesale VSAT Division), said, "Once thought destined to be obsolete as mobile and fibre networks were ever increasing penetration in Africa, HTS satellite services are proving they can deliver on today's customer expectations for high speed affordable connectivity in areas where even mobile networks do not reach."
She notes that as elsewhere in the world, Africa is seeing a greater reliance on internet connectivity as governments strive to enable new digital economies and the many associated economic benefits.
"Every 10% increase in broadband penetration can trigger a 1.38% increase in a country's GDP, and every 1% increase in broadband connectivity can generate a 5% increase in job creation. Clearly, the wider the prevalence of broadband, the higher the probability for improved economies, and satellite is definitely key to widening the reach of broadband access in Africa."
Scanlon says while satellite is often the only means of delivering broadband connectivity in Africa, even if used for mobile backhaul to bring 3G services to remote areas, or as a central point for connectivity in a village, there has been little to no price improvements on VSAT modems.
"CPE equipment pricing remains amongst the biggest obstacle to the successful rollout of satellite broadband on the continent. Until we see large reductions or innovative financing approaches for end-user satellite modems, the utopian goals of mass-scale satellite broadband penetration in Africa may be limited."
iWayAfrica was recently appointed as an Avanti Master Distributor following the launch of the HYLAS 4 satellite.
"The importance of HYLAS 4 to Africa is the near ubiquitous coverage of sub-Saharan Africa that it provides. Previously HTS Ka-Band services were not able to deliver ubiquitous coverage of the continent, rather focusing on key areas for coverage. With HYLAS 4, we are excited to take Avanti's high-speed service plans to West and Central Africa for the first time," says Scanlon.
She adds that just one example of the impact of satellite broadband connectivity can have is iWayAfrica's community project in Uganda which utilises its Jupiter platform with Intelsat's IS-28 wide-beam capacity.
"The wholly solar powered JOLAspot service provides WiFi connectivity across the village with vouchers sold by women agents, whilst the additional power generated by Winch Energy powers device charging facilities, a printer for photocopying and print services, as well as a fridge selling the only cold drinks in the village. The next phase is to expand the site to offer micro-finance online banking facilities to the community that require both power and connectivity."
Scanlon says iWayAfrica is investing in new markets, especially West and Central Africa, through establishing new distributor channel partners for VSAT growth. "We already have our own licences in 8 markets and are open to new licence opportunities to expand our footprint even further. Our aim is to bring broadband happiness to Africa to facilitate a bright digital future, especially in areas where there is no, nor likely to be, alternative means of connectivity."